The term split ends refers to the splitting or fraying of the hair shaft. The condition is medically called trichoptilosis. Hair split ends are the result of fraying of the hair shaft due to excessive heat, mechanical stress, and dryness.
The most effective way to get rid of split ends is to cut them off. If left untrimmed, they tend to break off or continue splitting up the length of your hair. Since trimming your hair is not always the preferred solution, especially if you are trying to grow your hair long, you can use some natural home remedies to control the problem.
Causes of Split Ends
The most common causes of hair split ends are:
- Over washing
- Washing of hair with hot water
- Exposure of hair to the sun, heat, dust and pollution
- Excessive use of hair styling cosmetics, like gels, serums, and sprays
- Excessive use of hair styling tools, like curlers and straighteners
- Over using chemical treatments, like hair colour, perms, etc.
- Not oiling the hair properly
- Using inferior quality combs, pins, and headbands
- Lack of routine maintenance, like cutting and trimming
- Showering your hair with hard water, like chlorine mixed water of pools
Home Remedies for Split Ends
There are some effective home remedies which can cure the problem of split ends. Home remedies might take time to show the effective results but they are worth trying, plus they are without any side effects and of course, they do not cost you anything. Make use of some easily available products in your kitchen.
Also remember, while opting for home remedies to get rid of hair split ends, you should also take care of your diet and health.
Avocado works as an excellent deep conditioner to create lustrous locks. It is loaded with protein, essential fatty acids, folic acid, magnesium, vitamins A, D and E, and other nutrients that nourish your hair and stimulate growth. Avocado also has hair-softening properties.
- Mash one ripe avocado and mix in 2 tablespoons each of olive oil and coconut oil until you get a creamy consistency.
- Apply this hair mask liberally on your hair (avoid the roots).
- Leave it on for at least 30 minutes.
- Rinse it off and then shampoo your hair.
- Do this on a weekly basis, or two to three times a month.
One of the ever best remedies to make your strands free from split ends, dryness, and dullness is the application of egg. There are various ways, in which, the egg can be applied to your hair.
- You can apply egg mixed with olive oil/almond oil and honey as a hair mask, and wash off after 30-45 minutes.
- A beaten egg with a spoon of water can also be applied as shampoo.
- You can also pour orange juice and a banana in two eggs and apply as a hair mask. Keep it for 30 minutes and wash off.
Mayonnaise works as an excellent remedy for damaged hair. It nourishes your hair, prevents split ends, and provides a soft feel and shiny look.
- Wet and towel dry your hair.
- Work 1/2 cup of mayonnaise into your hair.
- Leave it on for at least 15-20 minutes.
- Rinse it out and shampoo your hair.
- Repeat once or twice a week.
Note: You hair may smell bad for days after using mayonnaise.
Papaya contains protein that helps nourish your hair and reduce split ends. It also adds body to your hair, removes buildup, and restores your hair’s natural shine and softness.
- Take a ripe papaya and half cup of yogurt. Blend them to get a pulpy paste.
- You can apply this as a hair mask for about 30 minutes and wash off.
- This will give your hair sheen and solace from split ends.
Beer is actually good for your hair and is considered as a great conditioner. Rinse your hair with beer after shampooing them and you will be really amazed to see the shine and gleam into your hair. Rinsing your hair every time with beer, whenever you shampoo, will help your hair in trouncing the problem of split ends.
Being rich in natural oils, potassium, zinc, iron, and vitamins A, C, and E, bananas help restore your hair’s natural elasticity and minimize breakage. Plus, they soften and moisturize your hair, encourage hair repair, and improve manageability.
- Process one ripe banana, 2 tablespoons of plain yogurt and a little rose water and lemon juice in a blender.
- Apply this banana hair mask on your hair.
- Leave it on for one hour and then wash it off.
- Repeat once or twice a week.
Due to its humectant property (attracts moisture) and nutrient content, honey is highly beneficial for dry and damaged hair prone to splitting and breakage. It works as a natural hair conditioner and moisturizer, making your hair softer and shinier.
- Mix 2 tablespoons of honey in 4 cups of warm water.
- Shampoo your hair and then use the mixture as a rinse.
- Let it sit for a few minutes and then rinse it off.
- Repeat once a week.
8. Hot Oil Treatment
- Take warm oil and massage your hair with it, from head to the ends. You can use any one oil or all together in equal amounts.
- After heating the oil, let it cool down and apply the warm oil. Massage and then cover your hair with a shower cap for 30-40 minutes. This absorbs the nutrients, gives a smooth look to your hair and also removes spilt ends.
- Wash your hair properly with shampoo. Oil treatment moisturizes your dry, damaged hair.
9. Aloe Vera
- Simply massage aloe vera gel (extracted from 1-2 aloe vera leaves) into your hair, leave it on for 30 minutes and then shampoo your hair. For better results, you can combine it with one tablespoon of lemon juice and 2 teaspoons of castor oil, olive oil or jojoba oil.
- Do this two or three times a week for a few months.
- You can also use natural aloe vera shampoo two or three times a week.
10. Fenugreek Seeds
This is an age-old grandma’s remedy. It not only cures split ends but also make your hair grow.
- Take 2 teaspoons of fenugreek seeds powder and mix it with 2 tablespoon of curd.
- Make a paste and apply it on your hair.
- Leave it for 20-30 minutes and then rinse off with cold water.
How to Prevent Split Ends
Wash with gentle water. If you have delicate hair, minerals or chlorine in your water can damage your hair. Consider a water softening system if your local water is “hard” and contains high levels of calcium carbonate. Use a filtration system to remove chlorine if necessary in your area.
Protect your hair from heat. Heat denatures the keratins (proteins) of the hair shaft weakening it and making it prone to split ends. Heat treatments are a major cause of damage and split ends. This includes hot blow drying, heat styling, straightening and curling through heat, and steam treatments.
- Do not straighten or use other high-heat treatments more often than once every two weeks, or preferably once a month.
- Look for irons or other tools that allow for exact temperature control. Keep them set to below 356ºF (180ºC).
- Let hair stylists know that you prefer low-heat treatments.
Reduce reliance on hair products. Hair dyes and bleach are particularly damaging, but any product has the chance to wear out your hair. Try to use them only when necessary, and your hair may stay healthy for much longer.
Protect your hair from the sun. Ultraviolet rays can be as damaging to your hair as your skin. Wear your hair in a bun underneath a hat, or use leave-in sunscreen conditioner.
Protect your hair before swimming in a pool, ocean, or lake. Consider applying a special pre-swimming moisturizer product. Alternatively, use a leave-in conditioner, oil your hair, and/or wear a swim cap. Rinsing your hair thoroughly before swimming may reduce its absorption of harmful chemicals. Be sure to rinse and shampoo your hair as soon as possible after swimming.