Irregular periods (oligomenorrhea) is one of the most common problems that a number of women suffer from. Pain or twinges in the breast and heaviness in the lower abdomen, bouts of nausea, lethargic feel round the clock are some of the main problems women face as a result of irregular menstruation.
A normal menstrual cycle ranges from 21-35 days. Menstrual bleeding generally lasts for 2-7 days. Women normally have 11-13 periods in a year, but those with oligomenorrhea may have fewer than six or seven periods.
Causes of Irregular Periods
There can be a number of reasons that may cause periods delayed. However, the specific reason of irregular periods differs from one woman to the other.
In many cases, irregular periods are related to a condition called anovulation. This means that ovulation hasn’t taken place during your menstrual cycle, usually due to severe hormonal imbalances.
Sometimes an irregular period may be due to subtler hormone imbalances. You may still be ovulating, but the timing of your ovulation can vary greatly month to month. This is because lifestyle and medical conditions can influence your menstrual cycle.
The following factors can trigger irregular periods:
- Stress. Chronic stress or even short-term anxiety about a specific problem can wreak havoc with your hormone balance, causing a missed period and irregular cycle.
- Extreme exercise or dieting. Exercising too much can throw off the timing of menstrual bleeding and sometimes stop it. Being underweight, whether from extreme exercise, dieting, an eating disorder, or illness, can have the same effect.
- Age. Menstrual cycles tend to be irregular during the first few years after menstruation starts and also at the end of a woman’s menstrual years, when she is approaching menopause.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This medical condition causes tiny cysts to form on ovaries, interfering with regular ovulation. Women with PCOS usually have a history of irregular periods.
- Pills. Birth control pills can make your periods lighter, or cause you to miss periods or have less or more frequent periods — or even no periods at all.
- Other illnesses. Thyroid disorders can cause irregular periods if blood levels of the thyroid hormone go too low or too high. Other health conditions that may cause an irregular cycle include sexually transmitted diseases, diabetes, fibroids, eating disorders, and endometriosis.
In addition, as different women are likely to have different menstrual patterns, slight irregularities once in a while should not be a cause for concern.
Home Remedies for Irregular Periods
Since, menstruation cycle is an inherent part of any woman’s life, so getting irregular periods can cause many problems. If you are suffering from any of such problems, you should try to solve them, and get rid of this uncomfortable condition. There are some very simple and easily available home remedies that can help you stop irregular periods.
1. Aloe Vera
Aloe vera can boost the production of hormones that are responsible for menstruation and can also help in having regular menstrual cycle.
- To use aloe vera gel, get some aloe vera leaves and cut into two. The aloe gel can also be mixed with one tbsp of honey.
- Take this mixture before breakfast.
- Repeat the process for at least three months to have good results.
- Don’t drink any aloe vera gel when you have your period.
Also, it contains hydroxychalcone that helps regulate insulin levels and is suspected to have an effect on menstrual regularity. A study analyzing the effects of cinnamon extract on menstrual cycles in women with polycystic ovary syndrome is currently underway.
- Simply add 1/2 tsp of cinnamon powder to a glass of milk. Drink this daily for several weeks.
- You can also drink cinnamon tea, sprinkle cinnamon on your foods, or chew cinnamon sticks regularly.
3. Green Papaya
Eating unripe and green papaya can help you normalize irregular periods because it works as a good and strong emmenagogue and helps in proper contraction of muscle fibbers of your uterus. It is specifically beneficial for delayed periods associated with menopause.
- Eat unripe papaya for a couple of months and see the difference.
- Avoid consuming the same when having your periods.
4. Fennel Seeds
Fennel seeds can aid inregulating irregular periods. It also contains emmenagogue substance, which can promote menstruation. It also contains antispasmodic properties, which is effective in soothing cramps associated with menstruation.
- Combine 2 tbsp of fennel seeds and one cup of water. Let it stand overnight.
- Afterwards, strain the seeds in the mixture and drink.
- Do this process for one month or until your menstrual period turns regular.
Being a warming herb, turmeric is also considered helpful in regulating menstruation and balancing hormones. Its emmenagogue properties help stimulate menstrual flow. Moreover, its antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory properties relieve menstrual pain.
- Consume 1/4 tsp of turmeric with milk, honey or jaggery. Take it daily for several weeks or until you see improvement.
- You can also take turmeric in supplement form; consult your doctor for proper dosage.
Ginger is another one of the very effective home remedies for irregular periods and it is also good in soothing any menstrual pain. It is effective in women suffering with scanty or delayed periods.
- Boil 1/2 tsp of freshly ground ginger with one cup of water for 5-7 minutes. You can add some sugar to taste.
- Drink ginger tea three times right after your meals every day.
- Repeat the process for at least one month for best results.
7. Carrot Juice
Being a good source of iron, carrot juice is another simple home remedy for irregular periods. Raw carrots also boost proper hormone functioning. Drink a glass of carrot juice regularly for three months. You can combine it with other vegetable juices as well.
In addition to carrot juice, include corn, lettuce, beets, drumsticks, and pumpkin seeds in your diet. It is believed that drinking sugarcane juice for a week or two prior to your expected periods helps with regulation.
Parsley is another effective herb. It is one of the most efficient home remedies which can prevent menstruation disorders. Parsley juice can be consumed everyday in form of a medicine to get regular periods.
9. Sesame Seeds
Sesame seeds are thought to help balance hormonal levels. Sesame seeds contain lignans, which help bind excess hormones. They also contain essential fatty acids, which help in hormonal production.
- Dry and roast a cup of sesame seeds. You can crush this up into a powder, or eat them whole.
- Do not eat the seeds when you have your period.
10. Sesame Seeds, Cumin and Honey
This is also an extremely home remedy for irregular periods.
- Combine powdered cumin with sesame seeds and some honey and then consume 1tbsp of the concoction.
- Better have it twice a day and it will give you some relief from having irregular periods.
11. Coriander Seeds
Due to its emmenagogue properties, coriander helps promote menstruation.
- Boil one tsp of coriander seeds in 2 cups of water until the quantity of water reduces to one cup. Strain the seeds from the liquid.
- Drink this three times daily for a few days prior to your period.
- Do this for a few months.
- You can also drink coriander juice daily for a few months.
A combination of dried mint and honey serves as a good Ayurvedic remedy for irregular periods. It also helps ease menstrual cramps.
- Simply consume one tsp of dried mint powder mixed with one tsp of honey.
- Repeat three times a day for several weeks.
13. Bitter Gourd
Bitter gourd, though bitter, can be very effective in the treatment of irregular periods. You can consume bitter gourd juice, or decoction, as you please.
The bitter gourd juice should be taken twice a day and the decoction can be taken once or twice daily, for some weeks, to stop irregular periods.
Acupuncture is based on the concept that your energy flows through your body in certain ways. When these energies are interrupted, it can cause your hormones and other parts of your body to become unbalanced. Acupuncture involves placing needles in certain pressure points to restore the flow of energy.
Emotional and Physical Balance
In addition to these remedies, try to relax and maintain an emotional and physical balance. If you typically have had regular periods and your menstrual pattern is changing, consult your doctor for proper evaluation as well as treatment, especially if you are over age 40.